With more than $121 billion worth of social projects planned and underway across the GCC, the private sector is expected to play a more significant role in infrastructure project delivery going ahead, said Cyril Lincoln, the Executive Vice President and the global head of real estate finance and advisory at Mashreq Bank, citing data.
According to regional projects tracker Meed Projects, more than $50 billion of social infrastructure work is under execution, while the remaining $70 billion is in various stages of planning. Of the overall total, nearly $71 billion is located in Saudi Arabia, followed by Kuwait ($33 billion), Qatar ($5.7 billion), UAE ($4.7 billion), Oman ($3.7 billion) and Bahrain ($3.1 billion).
"Social infrastructure will continue to top the agenda for GCC governments, as they prioritise quality of life, medical care and education for their growing populations," remarked Lincoln.
"But there is a need to diversify the way these projects are delivered. It should not be seen as the government’s responsibility alone," he stated.
With an ample volume of planned and underway projects in this segment, private developers, contractors and asset managers are presented with a sizeable opportunity to support long-term goals set by the region’s governments, he added.
An extensive opportunity
Data from Meed Projects further highlights that the $66.3 billion worth of social housing schemes account for the lion’s share of active social infrastructure projects in the GCC. More than $24 billion is under construction, while the rest is in various stages of planning, design and procurement.
Similarly, $17.8 billion worth of healthcare projects are under construction in the GCC, while education projects account for $8.5 billion.
Typically, these projects are funded by the public sector. This has meant that the challenges of recent years, including the Covid-19 pandemic and unstable oil prices, have impacted committed infrastructure spending.
New lease of life
With oil prices steadying in 2022, it is natural to expect that these projects will be given a new lease of life. But it may be advisable for governments to exercise caution when it comes to procyclical spending.
"The experiences of recent years should serve as lessons for the way forward,” said Lincoln. “It is important to balance spending even during periods of vulnerabilities such as those caused by lower oil prices.”
Procuring through models such as a public-private partnership (PPP) agreement allows the state to transfer key risks to the private stakeholders, while still retaining full ownership of the asset.
"Another aspect to bear in mind is the technical expertise that the private sector can bring to such projects," he stated.
"Especially in areas such as healthcare and education, these players can bring forth disruptive innovation," he added.
Despite the recent windfall from higher oil and gas prices, PPP projects are seeing steady growth in the social infrastructure segment.
In Saudi Arabia, Al-Ansar hospital is the first project approved in Saudi Arabia’s healthcare sector under Vision 2030’s privatisation programme.
The kingdom’s Health Ministry and National Centre for Privatisation and PPP (NCP) have qualified companies that can bid for the contract to develop two medical city projects – the King Faisal Medical City and the Prince Mohammad bin Abdul Aziz Medical City.
In Oman, meanwhile, the Finance Ministry has issued the request for proposals for upcoming PPP projects in the sultanate covering health, education, transport and IT. Oman previously announced 10 successful prequalified bidders for 42 schools planned to be developed as PPPs.-TradeArabia News Service