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ANALYSIS

AI raises ethical concerns: Deloitte report

BEIRUT, February 20, 2019

The rapid development of artificial intelligence (AI) has raised numerous ethical concerns, pushing us to redefine the future of work and society, said an industry expert.

“Governments and Public sector entities around the world are already reaping the rewards of investing in AI technology. From cutting costs to predicting fraudulent transactions, AI has the potential to improve public services while maximizing the ability of government staff to innovate and make decisions that are more informed,” added Rashid Bashir, partner and Public Sector leader at professional services firm Deloitte Middle East.

“While there is an increasing interaction between AI technologies and our socio-political and economic institutions, consequences are not well defined,” explained Bashir, commenting on Deloitte’s new report on Artificial Intelligence Ethics released during the recently concluded World Government Summit held in Dubai, UAE.

The report explores the benefits of Artificial Intelligence (AI) to governments and public sector entities, while exploring the ethical aspect in the use of AI.

“The rapid development of AI has raised numerous ethical concerns, pushing us to redefine the future of work and society,” said Bashir.  

“Will people become jobless due to the expansion of AI? How do we ensure that machines do not harm other humans? How could we control an AI system that has gone beyond our understanding of complexity? These are some important questions to consider by the government and public sector at large to approach AI ethical challenges and opportunities. The role of the public sector is essential and twofold – acting as both a role model and regulator while avoiding a fragmented approach to ethics,” he added.

The Deloitte report on Artificial Intelligence Ethics makes a number of recommendations for governments including the following:

•    Focus on Transparency and Trust:  AI systems should be designed on principles that allow systems to be assessed objectively for transparency and accountability.
•    Predicting the impact of evolution of artificial intelligence: Governments are encouraged to develop risk-assessment framework and prediction tools that will anticipate the impact of artificial general intelligence (AGI), including psychological effects on human beings.
•    Setting up a global-standards body: Over a short period, an increasing number of countries have announced the release of multiple AI ethical guidelines. The current challenge is to build a code of ethics for AI that has global reach and is acceptable internationally.

“While there is a need for governments to delineate the ethical and regulatory implications of AI through code of ethics, we strongly believe that an international regulatory model is essential for responsible design, development and deployment of AI— ideally led by a multidisciplinary global-standards body,” said Ali Hashmi, Artificial Intelligence leader, Deloitte Middle East.

 “Governments and public sector organizations have to reach out to external AI stakeholders— i.e. other governments, institutions— to build partnerships for developing effective codes of ethics,” Hashmi added. – TradeArabia News Service
 




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