Iran taps Caspian Sea route to boost grain stocks
London/Hamburg, July 22, 2013
Iran is approaching Kazakhstan and other Caspian Sea suppliers for fresh wheat deals after buying over 1 million tonnes in recent weeks from global markets as Tehran seeks to bolster strategic stocks after recent elections.
Iran, once a wheat exporter, is forecast to need at least 5 million tonnes of imports in the season starting in summer, amid market talk its harvest this year was not as good as hoped.
"There is a new government in place and they have given the green light to buy wheat. It is also Ramadan, so they need to keeping boosting stocks," a Middle East based trade source said. "They will find whatever ways and means are required to secure purchases."
Trade sources say the Islamic Republic is picking up cargoes from suppliers in Kazakhstan and Russia and shipping them over the Caspian Sea, a key gateway.
"There have been shipments of Kazakh milling wheat for shipment across the Caspian sold in past weeks and there is interest for more," one European trader said.
"The good harvest in Kazakhstan this year will help solve a lot of Iran's need for wheat imports and 40 percent of Kazakhstan's wheat exports this year will either go to Iran or Iraq, with the bias towards Iran."
Kazakhstan's wheat crop is forecast to rise to about 13.5 million tonnes this year from 11.3 million tonnes last year.
Rafail Galyamov, board chairman of Ak Bidai joint stock company which runs the grain terminal in the Caspian Sea port of Aktau in western Kazakhstan, said it was ramping up exports to Iran.
"The terminal is now running at its full capacity, and in July so far it has been handling only grain to be shipped to Iran," he told Reuters. "We believe we will handle 50,000 tonnes of wheat (for Iran) this month.
"Of course, our exporters have problems - with payments, with money transfers, but they somehow manage and find a way out," he added.
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Iranian President-elect Hassan Rouhani, who takes office next month, will need to get the economy back on track after sanctions have slashed oil revenues and added to turmoil for its rial currency. While food is not targeted, Western measures have led to an exodus of shipping companies, hurting the country's vital seaborne trade.
Dealers said the wheat buying had partly been made possible by the use of oil revenues in Iran's bank accounts in several countries which had been frozen by sanctions. These funds, however, can be used for humanitarian and food purchases.
Trade sources say in recent weeks Iran has bought at least 1.25 million tonnes of wheat in a series of purchases including from Russian and Black Sea origins.
A Black Sea-based shipping industry source said Iran was also buying wheat originating in Russia and transported in ships via the Volga River and then onto Iran via the Caspian Sea.
"The Caspian Sea route to Iran has been especially used for iron ore previously, but we are starting to see more grain flowing in recent weeks," the source said. Cargoes have been kept to 3,000 tonnes loads because of draft limits.
Another European based trade source said the smaller-sized cargoes were being sold onto Iran's state buyer.
"I think the Iranians will need to import a total of 5-6 million tonnes of wheat in the coming year because of the low size and poor quality of the Iranian crop," a separate trader said.
"I expect approaching 2 million tonnes of this will come from Kazakhstan. There is a trickle of shipments over from Russia using the inland waterways network. We might see more of this if the cargo handling in Iran is proved to be cheap and efficient enough."
Andrei Sizov, chief executive of SovEcon agriculture analysts, said separately Russia is likely to ship about 100,000 tonnes of wheat to Iran in July, mainly via the Black Sea ports such as Novorossisk. - Reuters