G7 seeks to calm markets rocked by debt crises
Frankfurt, August 8, 2011
Finance chiefs from the world's industrial powers pledged on Sunday to take whatever actions were needed to steady financial markets, spooked by the political wrangling in Europe and the US over slashing their huge budget deficits.
With the twin debt crises raging and stock markets plunging, the Group of Seven leaders said after a telephone consultation that they intend to stay in close contact and were "ready to take action to ensure stability and liquidity in financial markets."
The G7 -- the United States, Britain, Canada, France, Germany, Italy and Japan -- said that included joint action if needed in foreign exchange markets because "disorderly movements ... have adverse effects for economic and financial stability."
The statement was designed to calm financial markets and followed a signal from the European Central Bank that it would buy up Italian and Spanish bonds. Market analysts said it should provide some reassurance as trading resumes on Monday.
"The G7 has effectively drawn a line in the sand on contagion," said Christian Cooper head of US dollar derivatives rating at Jefferies & Co in New York.
The G7 meeting followed Friday's downgrading of US debt quality by rating agency Standard & Poor's and a week in which a European debt crisis threatened to engulf larger nations as Italy's borrowing costs shot higher.
The ECB's decision to start buying Italian and Spanish debt was viewed as a critical move to quell a bond rout that has rocked financial markets.
The promises to bring more policy action to bear on nervous markets, through coordinated measures, came in the face of new signs of continuing stress as stock, oil and commodity futures all dropped sharply in early Asian trading.
China lashed out again at weak-kneed politicians in the United States and Europe for lacking the courage to tackle debt issues seriously -- a concern to Beijing because of its huge holdings of US-denominated and other foreign debt.
"It must be understood that if the US, Europe and other advanced economies fail to shoulder their responsibilities and continue their incessant messing around over selfish interests, this will seriously impede stable development of the global economy," said a commentary in People's Daily newspaper, the mouthpiece of China's ruling Communist party.
Market unease was heightened by Standard & Poor's decision to cut the US debt rating to AA-plus from "risk free" AAA -- a move that Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner bitterly condemned.
In an interview on NBC and CNBC television, Geithner said the rating agency "has shown really terrible judgment" and claimed its downgrade meant nothing and wouldn't affect investors' faith in US debt.
In Frankfurt, ECB President Jean-Claude Trichet said in a statement after discussions with his Governing Council that the central bank welcomed new steps taken by Italy and Spain on fiscal and structural reforms, and hence it would "actively implement" its bond-buying program. A monetary source said this meant it is ready to start buying up the debt of these two countries.
"The Euro system will intervene very significantly on markets and respond in a significant and cohesive way," the source said.
Trichet wanted the policy-setting governing council to take a final decision on buying Italian paper after Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi announced new measures to speed up deficit reduction and hasten economic reforms, an ECB source said. - Reuters